Events, Births and Deaths Happening on this Date

Friday, June 21, 2024

Today is the 173rd day of 2024.  There are 192 days left in this year.

Notable Events

1788
The U.S. Constitution went into effect as New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.
1798
The British Army defeats Irish rebels at the Battle of Vinegar Hill.
1834
Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine.
1898
The United States captures Guam from Spain. The few warning shots fired by the U.S. naval vessels are misinterpreted as salutes by the Spanish garrison, which was unaware that the two nations were at war.
1900
Boxer Rebellion: China formally declares war on the United States, Britain, Germany, France and Japan, as an edict issued from the Empress Dowager Cixi.
1915
The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down Oklahoma grandfather clause legislation which had the effect of denying the right to vote to blacks.
1919
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police fire a volley into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two, during the Winnipeg general strike.
1929
An agreement brokered by U.S. Ambassador Dwight Whitney Morrow ends the Cristero War in Mexico.
1932
Heavyweight Max Schmeling lost a title fight by decision to Jack Sharkey; Schmeling's manager, Joe Jacobs, exclaimed: ''We was robbed!''
1942
Tobruk Libya falls to Italian and German forces; 33,000 Allied troops are taken prisoner.
1945
American forces defeated the Empire of Japan in the Battle of Okinawa, a crucial victory that would have allowed for an invasion of Japan had the atomic bombings failed.
1957
Ellen Fairclough is sworn in as Canada's first female Cabinet Minister.
1963
Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini was chosen to succeed the late Pope John XXIII as head of the Roman Catholic Church. The new pope took the name Paul VI.
1964
Three civil rights workers disappeared in Philadelphia, Miss. Their bodies were found buried in an earthen dam six weeks later. Eight members of the Ku Klux Klan went to prison on federal conspiracy charges; none served more than six years.
1970
Penn Central declares Section 77 bankruptcy in what was the largest U.S. corporate bankruptcy to date.
1973
The Supreme Court ruled that states may ban materials found to be obscene according to local standards.
1977
Menachem Begin became Israel's sixth prime minister.
1982
A jury in Washington, D.C., found John Hinckley Jr. innocent by reason of insanity in the shootings of President Reagan and three other men. Attorney General William French Smith criticizes the verdict.
1985
Scientists announced that skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil were those of Nazi war criminal Josef Mengele.
1989
The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Texas v. Johnson, 491 U.S. 397, that American flag-burning is a form of political protest protected by the First Amendment.
1993
Space Shuttle Endeavour is launched on STS-57 to retrieve the European Retrievable Carrier (EURECA) satellite. It is also the first shuttle mission to carry the Spacehab module.
1997
The WNBA made its debut as the New York Liberty defeated the Los Angeles Sparks 67-57.
2000
Section 28 (of the Local Government Act 1988), outlawing the 'promotion' of homosexuality in the United Kingdom, is repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote.
2001
A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia, indicts 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen.
2003
The release of the book Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix broke an online record by having over a million copies sold on Amazon on the first day it was available.
2004
SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.
2005
Edgar Ray Killen, who had previously been unsuccessfully tried for the murders of James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Mickey Schwerner, is convicted of manslaughter 41 years afterwards (the case had been reopened in 2004).
2006
Pluto's newly discovered moons are officially named Nix and Hydra.
2012
A boat carrying more than 200 migrants capsizes in the Indian Ocean between the Indonesian island of Java and Christmas Island, killing 17 people and leaving 70 others missing.

Notable Births

1921
Jane Russell was an American actress and model. She was one of Hollywood's leading sex symbols in the 1940s and 1950s. She starred in more than 20 films. (d. 2011)
1932
O. C. Smith, was an American singer. His recording of "Little Green Apples" went to number 2 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1968 and sold over one million records. (d. 2001)
1933
Bernie Kopell is an American character actor known for his roles as Siegfried in Get Smart from 1966 to 1969 and as Dr. Adam Bricker ("Doc") on The Love Boat from 1977 to 1986.
1938
Michael M. Richter, German mathematician and computer scientist (d. 2020)
1940
Mariette Hartley, American actress and television personality.
1944
Ray Davies is an English musician. He was the lead vocalist, rhythm guitarist and primary songwriter for the rock band the Kinks, which he led with his younger brother Dave on lead guitar and backing vocals.
1947
Joey Molland is an English songwriter and rock guitarist whose recording career spans five decades. He is best known as a member of Badfinger, the most successful of the acts he performed with.
1947
Meredith Baxter is an American actress and producer. She is known for her roles on the CBS sitcom Bridget Loves Bernie (1972-1973), ABC drama series Family (1976-1980) and the NBC sitcom Family Ties (1982-1989).
1950
John Paul Young, is an Australian pop singer who had his 1978 worldwide hit with "Love Is in the Air".
1950
Joey Kramer is an American musician and songwriter best known as the drummer of the hard rock band Aerosmith, which was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001.
1951
Nils Lofgren is an American rock musician, recording artist, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist. He has been a member of Bruce Springsteen's E Street Band since 1984, a member of Crazy Horse, founder/frontman of the band Grin and a solo artist.
1957
Guy Berkeley Breathed is an American cartoonist, children's book author, director, and screenwriter, known for his comic strips Bloom County, Outland, and Opus. Bloom County earned Breathed the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning in 1987.
1959
Kathy Mattea is an American country music and bluegrass singer. Active since 1984 as a recording artist, she has charted more than 30 singles on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts, including four that reached No. 1.
1959
Marcella Levy, known professionally as Marcy Levy and Marcella Detroit, is an American singer, songwriter, and guitarist. She co-wrote the 1977 Eric Clapton hit "Lay Down Sally" and released her debut studio album Marcella in 1982.
1966
Gretchen Carlson is an American broadcast journalist, writer, and television personality. She held the title of Miss America in 1989.
1967
Carrie Preston is an American actress, director, and producer. She is best known for her roles as Arlene Fowler in the HBO fantasy drama series True Blood (2008-2014) and as Elsbeth Tascioni in the CBS legal drama series The Good Wife (2010-2016).
1967
Pierre Omidyar is a French-born Iranian-American billionaire. A technology entrepreneur, software engineer, and philanthropist, he is the founder of eBay, where he served as chairman from 1998 to 2015.
1973
Juliette Lewis is an American actress and musician. She is known for portrayals of offbeat characters, often in projects with dark themes. Lewis became an "it girl" of American cinema in the 1990s, appearing in various independent and arthouse films.
1976
Mike Aaron Einziger is an American musician, songwriter and producer. He is best known for being co-founder and guitarist of the rock band Incubus.
1978
Matt Kuchar is an American professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour and formerly the Nationwide Tour. He has won nine times on the PGA Tour.
1979
Chris Pratt is an American actor. Pratt rose to prominence in the late 2000s for playing Andy Dwyer in the NBC sitcom Parks and Recreation (2009-2015).
1981
Brandon Flowers is an American musician. He serves as the co-founder, lead vocalist, primary songwriter, keyboardist, and occasional bassist of the Las Vegas-based rock band the Killers, which he formed with Dave Keuning in 2001.
1982
Jussie Smollett is an American actor and singer. In January 2019, Smollett staged a fake hate crime against himself in Chicago and later made false police reports regarding the incident.
1982
William, Prince of Wales, is the heir apparent to the British throne. He is the elder son of King Charles III and Diana, Princess of Wales.
1983
Edward Joseph Snowden is an American whistleblower who was forced to become a naturalized Russian citizen in 2022. In 2013, while working as a government contractor, Snowden leaked highly classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA).
1985
Kristopher Neil Allen is an American singer, songwriter, and the winner of the eighth season of American Idol.
1985
Lana Del Rey, is an American singer and songwriter. Her music is noted for its cinematic quality and exploration of tragic romance, glamour, and melancholia, with frequent references to contemporary pop culture and 1950s-1970s Americana.
1996
Scottie Scheffler is an American professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour. He has been ranked world number one, first reaching the position in the Official World Golf Ranking in March 2022, and has held that ranking for over 90 weeks.
1997
Rebecca Renee Black is an American singer, songwriter, and YouTuber. She gained extensive media coverage when the music video for her 2011 debut single "Friday" went viral on YouTube and various social media sites.

Notable Deaths

1940
Smedley Butler, American general, 2 time Medal of Honor recipient. Butler later wrote the book "War Is a Racket", where he alleged imperialist motivations for U.S. foreign policy and wars (b. 1881)
1954
Gideon Sundback, Swedish-American engineer, developed the zipper (b. 1880)
1964
American civil rights activists James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner were killed in Philadelphia, Mississippi, by members of the Ku Klux Klan.
1970
Sukarno, Indonesian engineer and politician, 1st President of Indonesia (b. 1901)
1985
Hector Boyardee, Italian-American chef and businessman, founded Chef Boyardee (b. 1897)
1990
June Christy was an American singer, known for her work in the cool jazz genre and for her silky smooth vocals. Her success as a singer began with The Stan Kenton Orchestra.
1990
Cedric Belfrage, English journalist and author, co-founded the National Guardian (b. 1904)
2001
John Lee Hooker was an American blues singer, songwriter, and guitarist. The son of a sharecropper, he rose to prominence performing an electric guitar-style adaptation of Delta blues that he developed in Detroit. (b. 1917)
2001
Carroll O'Connor was an American actor whose television career spanned over four decades. O'Connor found widespread fame as Archie Bunker, the main character in the CBS television sitcoms All in the Family (1971-1979). (b. 1924)
2007
Bob Evans, American businessman, founded Bob Evans Restaurants (b. 1918)
2018
Charles Krauthammer was an American political columnist. A moderate liberal who turned independent conservative as a political pundit, Krauthammer won the Pulitzer Prize for his columns in The Washington Post in 1987. (b. 1950)