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What Happened On This Day In History?
Tuesday, November 20th 2018
Today is the 324th day of 2018. There are 41 days left in this year.
New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights, approving 10 of the 12 amendments.
Simón Bolívar, declared Venezuela independent of Spain.
The whaler Essex, from Nantucket, Massachusetts, was attacked and sunk by a sperm whale near the western coast of South America. It was the first American vessel sunk by a whale.
Howard University, the first university for African-American students, is founded in Washington, D.C., as the Howard Theological Seminary.
Revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I. Madero.
Bulgaria proclaimed its neutrality in World War I.
British military tanks penetrate German lines in the Battle of Cambrai in northeastern France. It is the first large-scale use of tanks.
Twenty-four Nazi leaders went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany.
Britain's future queen, Princess Elizabeth II, married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, in a ceremony broadcast worldwide from Westminster Abbey.
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson announces the formation of the National Commission on Product Safety.
The U.S. census reported the population at 200 million.
The Nixon administration announced a halt to residential use of the pesticide DDT as part of a total phase-out.
The United States filed an antitrust suit to break up AT&T.
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader to address Israel's parliament.
In China, Jiang Qing, Mao Zedong's widow, went on trial on charges of treason and government subversion.
Princess Diana admitted during an interview broadcast on BBC television that she had been unfaithful to Prince Charles.
Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori resigned, ending a 10-year reign.
Peregrine White is born aboard the Mayflower, anchored near the tip of Cape Cod in Massachusetts. She is the first child ever born of English parents in New England.
Thomas Chatterton, English poet
Selma Lagerlof, Swedish author, first woman to win the Nobel Prize for literature.
Kenesaw Mountain Landis, baseball's first commissioner
Edwin Powell Hubble, American astronomer.
Sir Alistair Cooke, English journalist and TV host.
Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer and statesman
Nadine Gordimer, Nobel Prize-winning South African novelist.
Robert F. Kennedy, American senator, attorney general, and presidential candidate was born in Brookline, Mass.
Bo Derek, American film actress and model.
Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist.
Allan Sherman, American musician, parodist, satirist, and television producer.
After nearly four decades of absolute rule, Spain's Gen. Francisco Franco died, two weeks before his 83rd birthday.